THE BOLOGNA DECLARATION
ON THE EUROPEAN SPACE FOR HIGHER EDUCATION
(summary)

This document canonizes the basic principles of building European higher education and is the foundation on which the EuroPsy idea for regulating the training and implementation of psychologists in the European space is built and detailed.

EuroPSy standards for higher education in psychology and the professional qualification of psychologists is part of the large-scale process of reforming university education in Europe, theses of which are contained in the Bologna Declaration of 19 June 1999, prepared by the Confederation of EU Rectors’ Conferences and the Association of European Universities. The declaration was signed on 18 and 19 June 1999 in Bologna (Italy) by the EU member states.

The declaration emphasizes the paramount importance of the goal of increasing the international competitiveness of the European higher education system, based on the view that the vitality and effectiveness of any civilization can be measured by the attractiveness of its culture to other countries. That it aims to enable the European higher education system to acquire a high level of attractiveness worldwide, equal to the exceptional cultural and scientific traditions inherent in Europe.

The Bologna Process is an initiative for harmonization of higher education in the individual European countries in order to achieve comparability of training and on this basis greater mobility of staff outside the individual countries.

The process began with the adoption of the Magna Charta of European Universities (similar to the Magna Carta – a treaty signed between the English king and the feudal aristocracy, barons and citizens in 1215, which guaranteed and protected their rights and interests by the monarch) . The Magna Charta of European Universities (Magna Charta Universitatum Europearum) is the result of a proposal by the University of Bologna – the oldest university in Europe – signed by all the rectors attending the 900th anniversary of the University of Bologna. This act marks the beginning of the Bologna Process and the creation of a European Higher Education Area (EHEA).

The objectives of this document are, taking into account the deepest values ​​of the university traditions of the oldest universities in Europe, to promote strong links between European higher education institutions to achieve high academicism in training. The signatories undertake to coordinate their policies in order to achieve, in the short term and in any case within the first decade of the third millennium, the following objectives, which they consider to be of paramount importance for the establishment of a European Higher Education Area and the promotion of European higher education system:

  • establishing a system of easily readable and universal degrees, ensuring the comparability of the education of European citizens from different countries;
  • adoption of a system of higher education based essentially on two main cycles – a first bachelor’s degree, lasting three years, leading to a second, including a master’s and / or doctoral degree (as in many European countries);
  • creation of a credit system as an appropriate tool for assessing the level achieved in higher education and a tool serving student mobility – both in the context of universities and in non-higher education contexts, including lifelong learning, provided that they are recognized by the relevant accrediting institutions.
  • promoting mobility for students, teachers, researchers and administrative staff and valorising periods spent in a European context;
  • integration in terms of curriculum development, inter-institutional cooperation, mobility schemes and integrated training, qualification and research programs.

The 29 European countries, including Bulgaria, which have signed the Bologna Declaration, undertake to achieve these goals – within their institutional competences with full respect for the diversity of cultures, languages, national education systems – and in agreement with university autonomy to consolidate The European Higher Education Area.