General questions

EuroPsy is a European standard of education and professional training in psychology set by EFPA, the European Federation of Psychologists’ Associations. Any psychologist who meets this standard can obtain a Certificate and be included in the Register of European Psychologists.

Psychologists must have a university education in psychology of at least 5 years and at least 1 year of supervised practice. They must also sign a statement that they will act in accordance with the ethical rules of the psychologist profession.

EuroPsy uses a reference model to evaluate the content and level of academic curricula. The model is called “EuroPsyT – A framework for education and training of psychologists in Europe”. It was established by EFPA in 2001.

National Awarding Committees evaluate applications and determine the outcomes of applications for EuroPsy. The European Awarding Committee, established by EFPA, has oversight of the National Awarding Committees and the process for the award.

The Register is kept by the Head Office of EFPA in Brussels.

The name EuroPsy was chosen as an abbreviation of “Registered European psychologist”.

EuroPsy has been registered as a trademark in Europe. Moreover, the title “psychologist” is legally protected in most European countries.

No, only psychologists who meet the standards for education (at least 5 years) and supervised practice (at least 1 year) and who have signed a statement of ethical conduct can obtain EuroPsy.

There are differences in the education and professional training of psychologists in Europe. This is why it was decided to introduce EuroPsy as a common European benchmark.

No. There is a European directive that aims to harmonise requirements, but countries belonging to the European Union can set their own rules. Most countries have certain restrictions. EuroPsy informs “competent authorities” of other countries about a psychologist’s education and professional training.

EuroPsy is a standard set by professional psychologists organized in EFPA. EFPA covers associations of psychologists in 39 countries, with a total of over 350.000 individual psychologists.

No. The license to practise can only be awarded by national governments.

No. There is as yet no requirement that psychologists must have obtained EuroPsy. But EuroPsy can facilitate the application of national laws on psychologists’ professional activities.

European law allows citizens from member states to move freely and to settle and work in any other county of the EU. Practicing psychology in another European country is subject to the law of that country.

Universities provide the academic education that is required for psychologists to obtain EuroPsy. EFPA and its member associations are in touch with universities about the standards. There are many universities that offer a psychology curriculum (Bachelor plus Master) that meets the EuroPsy requirements.

Yes. EuroPsy applies to all countries whose psychology associations are member associations of EFPA, that is 28 EU countries and 8 other European countries.

Applicants pay for the costs of their education and professional training, including any additional training or practice that may be needed to meet the EuroPsy standards. In addition, they pay a fee to the National Awarding Committee that handles their application. This fee varies from country to country.

The standards were originally devised in a European project by a working group that developed EuroPsy. Setting the standards is now the responsibility of EFPA which establishes the so-called EuroPsy Regulations. Monitoring the standards is the responsibility of the EuroPsy Coordination Committee, in which the EFPA European Awarding Committee and the EFPA Executive Board collaborate.

The so-called Registration details are spelled out in the EuroPsy Regulations. What is entered in an individual case depends on the education and professional background of the psychologist.

Psychologist is a regulated profession in the sense of the European Directive 2005/36/EC. Recognition of qualifications is based on the “general system”, that is, on the basis of mutual recognition between member states – it is not automatic as with the professions that are included in the “sectoral system” (architects, dentists, doctors etc.).The Directive is currently being revised. Professionals meeting the requirements of a ‘Common Training Framework’ established by the European Commission will also get “automatic” recognition (without compensatory measures). EFPA has Proposed EuroPsy as the basis for the Common Training Framework for psychologists.

Yes and no. EuroPsy can be considered as a “Professional Card” as intended in the current European Directive 2005/36/EC. It can facilitate the cross-border mobility of psychologists by speeding up the exchange of information between member states. The revised Directive defines the professional card differently, namely as a document that is issued by ‘Competent Authority’ on behalf of a national government. The purpose of this new card will be the same as the previous one.

There is a basic EuroPsy Certificate and there are also specialist EuroPsy Certificates, which require additional education and professional training. Specialist EuroPsy certificates exist for Psychotherapy and for Work & Organisational Psychology.

The standards vary with the field of expertise, but generally speaking the certificate requires at least 400 hours of additional education and three years of additional supervised practice.

No, this specialist EuroPsy certificate requires a complete five-year academic education in psychology, plus a year of supervised practice to start with. In addition to this the psychologist needs at least 400 hours of further study, three years of specialist practice, and 150 hours of supervision.

The holder of the specialist EuroPsy Certificate in Psychotherapy qualifies for the European Certificate in Psychotherapy (which is issued by the European Association for Psychotherapy), but not the other way around. There are two reasons for this: the European Certificate in Psychotherapy does not require a complete five-year academic education in psychology, and its standards are substantially lower.

Psychologists in organisations do similar work as other professionals (for instance, work place design, human resources management, or organizational change management) but based on a different expertise. Someone with a specialist EuroPsy Certificate in Work and Organisational Psychology is a fully qualified psychologist and an expert in the field with considerable further education and training.

Applying For EuroPsy

Psychologists have to fill an application form (downloadable from the website of the National Awarding Committee or the national psychological association in their country) and submit it with required documents to the National Awarding Committee.

Seven years. Before the end of this period the psychologist has to reapply for revalidation and an extension.

EuroPsy makes cross-border mobility easier by providing a European qualification benchmark and providing information on the qualification of the individual psychologist. This can speed up the recognition of a psychologist’s qualification by Competent Authorities. EuroPsy is a Professional Card as meant in the current European Directive 2005/36/EC. It has been proposed as the basis for the Common Training Framework for psychologists in the revised Directive.

The transitional period, during which fully qualified psychologists with considerable work experience can obtain EuroPsy, has a duration of three years starting from the date at which EuroPsy is launched in a particular country. When a specialist certificate is launched, a new period of three years starts (with two additional years for the basic EuroPsy Certificate; only for the specialist applicants).

No. The application requires a completed academic study of at least 5 years and at least one year of supervised practice.

No. The Bachelor degree in psychology has no separate status in the context of EuroPsy. The Bachelor’s degree is included in the requirement of a completed academic study of at least 5 years.

Yes. But the master’s degree should be based on a 5 year curriculum. When a degree has been awarded on the basis of a shorter curriculum, additional education has to take place. In countries that have not implemented the Bologna system an alternative 5 year degree may be acceptable.

Yes, they can if they satisfy the requirements but supervised practice must be that of a professional psychologist. This type of practice is seen as different from that of a teacher and/or researcher.

No, unless they also work as professional psychologists and meet the regular EuroPsy requirements.

No, the requirement is that the EFPA member association of the country has agreed to implement EuroPsy and that there is a National Awarding Committee in that country.

Not all Master’s degrees satisfy the EuroPsy requirements because they may differ in duration and/or content. EuroPsy certifies that a psychologist has completed at least one year of supervised practice in addition to the Master degree, and that the holder has promised to practise in accordance with ethical standards.

Perhaps. EuroPsy was designed for European psychologists who have received their education and professional training in Europe. However, immigrants from other countries may apply for EuroPsy if they can provide evidence that their education and professional training meets the EuroPsy standards.

The estimate is that at least 200.000 European psychologists might qualify for EuroPsy. A more definitive answer cannot be given yet.

Several countries cover the services of psychologists in the health care area. This is based on national health plans and agreements. EuroPsy does not automatically mean that a psychologist is entitled to having his/her services covered.

The NAC approves a Bachelor/Master of 300 ECTS given by a university. If the candidates have less, they can add it with further studies at the university or institution that is recognized by a university.

EuroPsy For Consumers

Yes. The EuroPsy register has a search function that allows one to find a psychologist in a particular geographical area and field of practice / specialisation. The Register gives also other details such as the language used by the psychologist.

The EuroPsy Register includes psychologists who have a Certificate of Specialized Expertise in Psychotherapy. So, they are easy to find by the search function on the website of the Register

No. The register only holds the names of those who have been certified to meet the EuroPsy standards.

EuroPsy covers only psychotherapists who are also fully qualified psychologists, that is, those with a double certificate: the general EuroPsy Certificate and a specialist EuroPsy Certificate in Psychotherapy. Professionals offering their services as psychotherapists are not included.

No. Psychiatrist is a different profession in the medical field.

EuroPsy helps consumers to distinguish between the many providers of psychological and similar services. It does not include service providers with a lower education (e.g. Bachelor degree in psychology) and/or a different background (e.g. psychotherapists). It also does not include professionals with a Master’s degree in psychology who have not completed supervised practice or do not feel committed to clear ethical standards.

EuroPsy gives consumers clear and easy-to-access information about qualified psychologists. It ensures that psychologists have the proper training and experience. It also guarantees that the psychologist will operate in accordance with the ethical code of the psychological profession.

EuroPsy requires psychologists to sign the so-called meta-code of EFPA, an overarching ethical code that applies to all European psychologists. It also requires psychologists to abide by the ethical code of the country in which they practice.

You can file a complaint with the national psychologists association (address to be found on the EFPA website).

This has not happened, yet. It will happen when the term of validity expires without EuroPsy being renewed, or when the psychologist has violated ethical rules.

Any client can file a complaint with the national psychologists association (address to be found on the website). An ethical review committee will examine the case and hear both parties. The committee can pass several sanctions against the psychologist. In case of serious violation a notice will be placed in the EuroPsy Register, indicating that the psychologist no longer meets the EuroPsy standards and the EuroPsy Certificate will lose its validity. In less serious cases the EuroPsy may be suspended for a certain amount of time.

Yes it does. The EuroPsy Register and the EuroPsy Certificate spell out in which area of practice the psychologist has proven to be competent. The Register will also mention which psychologists have received a specialist EuroPsy Expertise in a particular domain.

Yes, the EuroPsy register helps to find a psychologist from other European countries. In some cases costs of psychological help may be covered under the national insurance scheme.

EuroPsy Register

Yes. A strict procedure is followed in evaluating psychologists before they are awarded EuroPsy. Moreover, psychologists have to maintain their expertise and this is also verified.

Yes, the EuroPsy Register is updated at least once a month.

The main areas of practice are: education, clinical & health, work & organisation; there is a broad fourth category for other areas (e.g. forensic, traffic psychology). There are specialist EuroPsy in Psychotherapy (since 2010) and Work & Organisational psychology (introduced in 2013).

Check the EuroPsy Register on the website and look for the area of practice and for indications of specialized expertise.

No. EuroPsy covers all areas of professional psychology.

Yes. Psychologists are required to spend a certain amount of time on continuing professional development and to maintain their competence by practice. Their record is evaluated when EuroPsy is renewed.

Employers can use the EuroPsy Register to verify whether applicants have met the EuroPsy standards and to determine in which field of practice they are competent.