European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System – ECTS

The Bologna Agreement provides for a universal unit of education with the introduction of the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS). Credits or recognized scores for the study are given to the student for all types of work: classes in the classroom, classes for self-study, creative work, practices, internships, written and oral forms of control. Credits include grades for courses taken.

The introduction of a system of credits – ECTS creates a number of advantages in the assessment of the qualification of specialists with higher education, as well as in the comparison of university curricula:

The introduction of a credit system in accordance with the Bologna Agreement (in particular the Copenhagen Qualifications Framework) in its optimal version provides for 180-240 credits for the first cycle – bachelor’s degree and 90-120 for the second cycle – master’s degree (exceptionally 60).

The degree awarded after each cycle is recognized by the European labor market as an appropriate level of qualification and allows for employment.

One credit corresponds to 25-30 hours of classroom training and self-study.

The creation of a credit system is an appropriate means of promoting student mobility by overcoming obstacles to free movement in the single European Higher Education Area (EHEA), providing access to learning opportunities in the desired direction, passing and continuing of education from one university to another in compliance with the principles of continuity and upgrading.

Credits can also be obtained in non-higher education contexts, including lifelong learning, when they are recognized by official accreditation institutions.

ECTS provides freedom of choice in front of the individual within stable criteria for education!